## Matrices

A matrix is a rank 2 tensor i.e. an array expanding in a maximum of two independent dimensions. Multiple vectors could be arranged in rows or columns to create a matrix. $$\vec{a} = \begin{bmatrix} 5 \\ 6 \\ 7 \end{bmatrix}\ \ \vec{b} = \begin{bmatrix} 7 \\ 9 \\ 10 \end{bmatrix}$$ $$\textbf{A} = \begin{bmatrix} \vec{a} & \vec{b} \end{bmatrix} = \begin{bmatrix} 5 & 7 \\ 6 & 9 \\ 7 & 10 \end{bmatrix}$$...