## Vectors

A vector could represent the magnitude of a quantity broken down into its various components, for example, the velocity of an object moving on a 2D plane could be represented using the vector $\vec{v} = \begin{bmatrix} 8 & 9 \end{bmatrix}$. On a 2D plane $8$ and $9$ could be called the horizontal and vertical components of the vector $\vec{v}$ respectively. But the words horizontal and vertical on a 2D or 3D plane are relative to the viewer (try rotating the figure above anti-clockwise)....