## Finding the Longest Consecutive Sequence in an Array

Problem Statement We have to implement the longestConsecutive function that takes an integer array as input and returns the length of the longest sequence of consecutive integers. For example, in array [4, 2, 7, 8, 1, 5, 6, 0] we have two sequences of consecutive integers: [0, 1, 2] and [4, 5, 6, 7, 8]. The longest sequence ([4, 5, 6, 7, 8]) has length 5. Brute Force Solution It would be easier to find consecutive sequences if the input array is sorted....

November 9, 2023 · 5 min · Avnish

## Encoding and Decoding Functions for Strings

Problem Statement We have to implement an encode function that takes a list of string values as input and returns a single encoded string that could be transmitted over a network. On the other side of the network, the decode function will take the encoded string as input and return the original list of string values as output. A delimiter could be used to differentiate between words. For example, ["Hello", "World"] could be encoded with comma delimiter (,) to "Hello,World"....

November 6, 2023 · 6 min · Avnish

## Checking the Validity of a Sudoku Grid

Problem Statement We have to implement an isValidSudoku function that takes a 9x9 matrix (representing a Sudoku grid) as input and returns true if the grid is valid and false otherwise. Sudoku Grid A Sudoku grid is valid if Every row contains digits from 1 to 9 without repetition. Rows in a Sudoku Grid Every column contains digits from 1 to 9 without repetition. Columns in a Sudoku Grid...

November 2, 2023 · 10 min · Avnish

## Building a Product Array without the Element Itself

Problem Statement We have to implement a productExceptSelf function that takes an integer array nums as input and returns another array answer as output. The element answer[i] will be the product of all elements in inputArray except inputArray[i]. The implementation should not contain a division (/) operation because the answer array could also be created by iterating over all elements in inputArray and dividing them from the product of the complete array....

October 28, 2023 · 5 min · Avnish

## Finding Most Frequent Elements in an Array

Problem Statement We have to implement a topKFrequent function that takes an integer array and a value k as input and returns the k most frequent elements in the input array. For example, topKFrequent({1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 5, 2}, 2) will return the top 2 most frequent elements in the array i.e. {2, 1}. If multiple elements have the same frequency, then any of them could be returned in the solution as long as its length is k....

October 26, 2023 · 6 min · Avnish